2013年9月3日（火） 18:00-20:00 吹田キャンパス 工学研究科 M4-201にて第66回創成塾を開催致します．
18:00-19:00 Porfirio Silva, Ph.D Philosophy of Science, currently post-doctoral researcher at the Institute for Systems and Robotics (at Instituto Superior Tecnico, the engineering school of the University of Lisbon)
講演1：Porfirio Silva, Ph.D Philosophy of Science, currently post-doctoral researcher at the Institute for Systems and Robotics (at Instituto Superior Tecnico, the engineering school of the University of Lisbon)
“Institutional Robotics: institutions for social robots.”
Our research in philosophy addresses several aspects of what we call “artificial societies”: social settings where a significant number of machines interspersed in our human social interactions are regularly taken for humans or they are recognized as machines but are anyway treated like humans, meaning that we welcome them to some kind of social relationship. One aspect of our research is being developed in collaboration with robotics’ practitioners and it endeavors to understand how robots could interact with humans and other robots within shared social environments with human-like institutions. In this sense, our approach aims at contributing to an enlarged vision for Social Robotics. Why to use institutions to this end? A large share of all experiments on Social Robots focuses mainly on one-to-one human-robot interaction. This approach stems from a conception of sociability based on direct, personal, one-to-one relationships, or social relationships within relatively small groups whose cement is acquaintance among (almost) all its members. We call this “proximity sociability”. We suggest that we need to advance the understanding of another type of sociability: many-to-many interactions within large populations where anonymous social relations prevail. Given that institutions are the tool humans societies use to deal with this kind of scenarios, in order to have robots sharing our institutional environments in such a way that we can still interact with them in an informal way, we need robots that are sensitive to institutions. This is why we call this aspect of our research “Institutional Robotics”. The institutional approach involves a number of options in terms of “philosophical anthropology” (what “being human” is). For example, what is the relationship between humans and their environment, what kind of rationality humans have. We will consider the foundations of an institutional approach at different levels: common sense (institutional environments combine material respects with mental aspects), Economics (the main characteristics of institutions are the fact that they are loaded with history and the fact that they allow us to go from direct interaction to indirect interaction with representations), Philosophy (a fundamental ontology of institutions). To make the discussion more concrete, we will present a first experience on Institutional Robotics with a small group of robots and the concept of “social role”. Based on this experience we will launch a discussion on two topics: Are institutions specific to humans or robots can also build institutions? How human-like institution can help to manage many-to-many human-robot interactions?